One can buy affordable pregnancy test kits over the counter or online to check for conception. Below are the indications as to when you will need one.
A missed period
The first phase of the menstrual cycle brings about changes in the female body to make it capable of supporting a pregnancy. If no conception follows ovulation, the second phase of the menstrual cycle functions to disrupt the previous changes. The additional components of the thickened uterus lining are flushed out of the body in the form of periods.
A missed period is thus indicative of the fact that fertilization has occurred. A missed period is when no bleeding occurs even a week after the expected date. However, the menstrual cycle is not regular in every woman and there may be other reasons for a delayed period. If you have been sexually active, you can consider a missed period as a sign of your pregnancy
Spotting or light bleeding is often referred to as implantation bleeding and is experienced when the fertilized egg attached to the thickened lining of the uterus. This takes about 10-14 days from the time of conception and is among the first definite signs of a pregnancy. The colour of the blood is lighter than your regular periods and this slight discharge is also accompanied by minimal cramping.
Morning sickness and fatigue
Heightened levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body cause delayed release of abdominal contents and thus a woman experiences the feeling of nausea and vomiting. It may further lead to constipation due to the slow movement of food through the intestines as well. To reach this specific peak of estrogen takes about two weeks from the day of fertilization.
A soar in the content of these hormones at the same time reduces blood sugar levels and blood pressure too. This is the cause for pregnant women feeling fatigued. A drop in blood pressure also causes dizziness in the individual. An increased blood flow may also cause headaches.
Other physical changes
Hormonal changes in the body after conception prepare it for nourishing the fetus after delivery too. This includes the development of breasts to make them feel fuller, heavier and sensitive to touch. Tender breasts may thus be taken as one of the first signs of pregnancy.
A continued elevation in basal body temperature for two weeks from the day of ovulation can also be perceived as a positive signal.
Food aversions and cravings
Hormonal changes are sporadic in the first trimester. These dramatic changes can be associated with women’s elevated senses and cravings for caffeine and sour foods.
All of the aforementioned symptoms can give you a certain extent of surety of being pregnant if you have been sexually active. However, these symptoms may also be visible otherwise. If you reckon chances of pregnancy, kindly confirm using formal clinical assessments and take necessary care.