what are the types of abortion methods as per the pregnancy stages ?

 Abortion different procedures as per gestation period

When you are stuck in an unwanted pregnancy situation, your mind is typically numb and does not think of suitable solutions in such circumstances. Abortion is often the options women choose to deal with an unplanned pregnancy. While there are women who buy abortion pills online to end their pregnancy, others go for surgical ones.  There are various types of abortions depending on the gestational weeks of pregnancy. We’ll each method and the procedure for the same.

First trimester:

Medical abortion:

Medical abortion is a procedure where the pregnancy is ended using a drug combination. Following are the different types of medicines which can be used to end an unwanted pregnancy.

Anti-progesterone medicines:



Generic RU 486

Prostaglandin Medicines:



When you buy abortion pills, you can consider buying any one of the antiprogesterone medicine along with any one of the prostaglandin medicine for pregnancy termination. The tablet combination work against pregnancy hormones and cause uterine contractions which finally results in terminating the pregnancy through ejection of pregnancy tissues. This happens through vaginal bleeding which lasts up to a week or more.

Though intense abdomen pain and heavy vaginal bleeding are the symptoms of a medical termination procedure being completed.

Apart from the two after effects of medical abortion, there are also other effects of pills which can be observed during the process. It includes nausea, migraine, vomiting, slight fever, diarrhea etc.

However, the user must note that these after-effects would remain only until the process is going on. Your body heals from the after effects within a week. If it does not, you must consult a physician at the earliest.

Also, make sure that you do not face the side effects at an extreme level. Prolonged bleeding can also be concerning and must be checked as soon as possible.

The woman checks her pregnancy status after 14-15 days and confirms the medical abortion.

Vacuum Aspiration:

This method is performed to end a pregnancy up to 13 weeks. Most women prefer medical abortion over vacuum aspiration, however, that is only up to 10 weeks. Hence, physicians usually advise this method for a pregnancy between 10-13 weeks. This procedure is an in-clinic method and also known as a suction method.

Sometimes the health care provider/doctor open the cervix a bit in the beginning and then get the surgical tools for further dilation procedure. You’ll be told to lie for an exam similar to a pelvic exam. The doctor then uses a speculum (surgical tool) into your vagina and keep it open, and inject anesthesia into the cervix. A small suction machine will be inserted into your vagina which the doctor will attach to the uterus. It will be followed by removing the embryo tissues from the body and clear out all pregnancy contents.

There are possibilities for infection and other minor side effects which may lead to severe health risks. The doctor keeps you under observation for the rest of the day.

Second trimester:

Dilation and evacuation:

This method is performed when the pregnancy has crossed 13 weeks. The physician/doctor/ healthcare provider will ask you to have an ultrasound test. The examination and gestation will determine the preparation work for your dilation and evacuation.

As a part of the preparation, the provider may keep you on medication such as Misoprostol which is also used in the medical pregnancy termination procedure. The doctor may also use tools to dilate your cervix. After the examination, the physicians usually swab the vagina and inject anesthesia into the cervix. A gripping tool is used to hold your cervix in place.

The dilation and evacuation method involves operating additional forceps and tools to curette to scrape the inside of your uterus. The procedure also involves medicines being used for stopping the heartbeat and then evacuating the pregnancy tissues.

You are asked to take rest after 15-20 minutes of evacuation procedure.

Late term pregnancy termination:

Dilation and extraction procedure:

For a late-term pregnancy termination, you may require a dilation and extraction procedure which one must get it done through an experienced provider.

This is a procedure which doctors do not recommend unless there’s an urgent or complicated situation with no other options left for the solution. The phases of dilation and extraction procedure are similar to the D&E procedure. It additionally includes major prep work to soften the cervix and dilate the same.

There are a few other options which are given below

Labor induction



However, these three procedures can lead to severe health risks to the woman. Speaking of safe pregnancy termination methods, medical abortion is a safe method to end an early unwanted pregnancy. With the easy access to the internet, you get abortion pills online at performing pregnancy termination at home with comfort.

Reports suggest that women feel uncomfortable to talk about topics. At times, this has led women to unhealthy abortion practices. Such methods involve a high degree of health risks and complications. Hence, spreading awareness about medical abortion for early pregnancy termination has become an important aspect. The method lets women abort the pregnancy at home and maintain complete privacy. Availability of abortion pills has added another safety factor for women.

Whatever method you choose for terminating an unwanted pregnancy, make sure that you have consulted an expert regarding your pregnancy and the method of abortion. If you followed the instructions properly, every aforementioned method will result in a successful abortion.

Speaking of side effects, while the surgical ( dilation) abortion procedures can have several long-term health risks and infections which can be troublesome for women. The side effects of medical abortion, however, do not have a long-term impact on the future pregnancies or the fertility of the woman.