There are two ways to end a pregnancy- either with surgery or medications. For early pregnancy termination, abortion pills are worth. These are cost effective and an easy alternative to invasive procedure. If the female is more than 6 weeks pregnant, she can choose to terminate pregnancy by getting a clinical surgical regimen.
But, if less than 70 days’ gestation, then she can select the medicinal procedure. However, it is ultimately the woman’s choice as to use medications or go in for the invasive process in ceasing her pregnancy.
Abortion Pills are Safe and Effective
According to the World Health Organization, Misoprostol medicine is added to essential medicines’ list. The FDA of U.S approved the combination regimen of Mifepristone and Misoprostol abortion pill as safe for ending early pregnancy. A woman taking the medicine has all control over the regimen, and may not require other medical attention.
These can be used at home, and women can obtain the medicines at lesser price or from multiple platforms (online pharmacy, local drug store, and doctor), while surgical procedure can only be attained at particular clinics. The medication technique has been used by more than 3 million females in the U.S out of which more than 90 percent had been successful.
Before a female chooses between medicine or surgery procedure, here is a complete run-through of medication and surgical abortion for making an informed decision:
A combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol tablets are used to shed uterine lining and expel uterus contents. The first pill stops pregnancy growth, and the second contracts womb and causes bleeding, cramping to expel the fetal remains. Anesthesia is not mandatory. Over-the-counter pain medicines are recommended, except aspirin.
- The abortion pill method is 95 to 97 percent effective, and only 3 to 5 percent women may require suction curettage to end pregnancy or manage excessive bleeding. The user may take help of someone during the procedure, but it is not necessary.
- This technique is valid in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. The person may have to visits the doctor’s office two times to confirm eligibility before abortion, and to test pregnancy termination success.
- Strong cramps are experienced along with nausea and other side effects. Several hours of heavy bleeding followed by light spotting for two to three weeks is expected. No injury is possible to the uterus, as no tools are used.
- There is a small risk to infection, but doctors may not immediately advice for antibiotics. No evidences support inability of a woman to get pregnant again after being done with abortion pills.
The doctor uses suction tool to empty uterus. A speculum is placed in vagina after cervix is dilated. A suction effect from the syringe collects the pregnancy sections. The physician can apply local anesthesia to cervix or provide oral medicines to relax and manage discomforts.
- The method is 98 percent effective, and only 2 percent females may need other intervention of repeat procedure. The woman can get along a family member of partner to the clinic.
- This technique can be applied 6 to 20 or 24 weeks. However, the earlier pregnancy is terminated the lesser risks to health. Most often one visit to doctor for surgical treatment is enough to completely end pregnancy. There may or may not be a need of follow-up care.
- Some cramping for a short-duration is expected. Light bleeding till two weeks is normal. The risk to cervical injury and uterine perforation is pretty small.
- There is a probability of infection after regimen, but antibiotics can reduce the risks of it. There are no evidences against pregnancy possibility after surgical pregnancy termination.